Successive amendments to the agreement were introduced in the original document. This consolidated version is only of documentary value. Stabilization and association agreements are part of the EU Stabilisation and Association Process (PSA) and the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). At present, the countries of the Western Balkans are at the heart of the PSA. Specific Stabilization and Association Agreements (ASAs) have been implemented with various Balkan countries, which contain explicit provisions for the country`s future accession to the EU. The SAAs resemble in principle the European agreements signed in the 1990s with the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the association agreement with Turkey. EU accession negotiations with Montenegro have been ongoing since June 2012 and with Serbia since January 2014. Stabilization and Association Agreements (ASA) are in force with Albania, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. The ASA with Bosnia and Herzegovina, signed in 2008, has not yet been able to enter into force, as the decision of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in the Sejdi-Finci case has not been fully implemented.
Kosovo is currently negotiating such an agreement. These agreements are tailor-made to meet the specific needs of each country as part of its economic, political and social reform process, optimizing both individual reforms and reconciliation efforts undertaken by the countries concerned. The Dayton Accords ended the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1995. This agreement provides for a complex state structure, with state-level institutions and two companies – the Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and The United Kingdom. Montenegro faces environmental, judicial and criminal problems that could hinder its offer.  Montenegro signed an agreement with the Bulgarian government in December 2007, in which Bulgaria will assist Montenegro in its Euro-Atlantic and European integration over the next three years.  To work on these issues, Montenegro`s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration has a special agency for EU membership, the support office of the chief negotiator. The aim of the office is to support the task of the chief negotiator for Montenegro`s accession to the EU, Aleksandar Drljevic. The visa facilitation and readmission agreements between Montenegro and the EU came into force on 1 January 2008.  Montenegro was placed on the visa-free nationals list on 19 December 2009, allowing its nationals to enter the Schengen area without a visa, Bulgaria, Cyprus and Romania when travelling with biometric passports.  The visa liberalisation process does not cover travel to Ireland or the United Kingdom, as these countries implement their own visa regimes outside the Schengen Agreement.
Serbia and Kosovo have signed a fundamental agreement which provides, among other things, the creation of an association of communes with a Serb minority. The Union will enjoy limited autonomy and greater autonomy in the areas of economics, education, health and planning in the areas of policing and justice. The agreement with Kosovo was the first to be signed after the Lisbon Treaty came into force, which brought down the EU`s legal personality.   An EU representative in Kosovo stated that “unlike the ASA with other countries in the region, this agreement will be exclusively the EU agreement. The EU will sign them as a legal entity.  The agreement did not have to be ratified individually by each Member State, some of which did not recognize Kosovo`s independence.  The representative added: “Since Kosovo is not recognised by the five Member States, we had to adopt a directive stating that the signing of the agreement will not mean that the EU or any of the countries will recognise Kosovo as a state.”  The decision has been in effect since March 29, 2010 and the agreement since May 1, 2010.