When Hitler continued to make incendiary speeches calling for the reunification of the Germans in Czechoslovakia with their homeland, war seemed imminent. However, neither France nor Great Britain felt ready to defend Czechoslovakia and both tried to avoid a military confrontation with Germany at all costs. In France, the popular Front government had ended and on 8 April 1938 Edouard Daladier formed a new cabinet without socialist participation or communist support. Four days later, Le Temps, whose foreign policy was controlled by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, published an article by Joseph Barthelemy, a professor at the Paris Law School, in which he scrutinized the 1924 Franco-Czechoslovakian Treaty of Alliance and concluded that France was not obliged to go to war to save Czechoslovakia. Earlier, on 22 March, the Times of London had stated in an editorial by its publisher G.G. Dawson that Britain could not wage war to preserve Czech sovereignty over the Sudeten Germans without anticipating its wishes; Otherwise, “Britain may well be fighting the principle of self-determination.” The economic consequences of the Munich agreement will certainly be very severe for Czechoslovakia. The loss of industries, railwayheads, knots, etc., cannot help but cause a sharp loss of trade and unemployment. There is no doubt that Czechoslovakia becomes the object of quasi-colonial exploitation for Germany. Parker, R.A.C. Review of David Carlton`s book churchill and the Soviet Union; Neville Chamberlain and appeasement of Robert J. Caputi; The Munich Crisis, 1938: Prelude to World War II by Igor Lukes; I`m Erik Goldstein. The Journal of Modern History, Vol.
“Czechoslovakia decided on 30 September to accept all Munich conditions. On the morning of 30 September, Benes addressed the Soviet ambassador desperately. “Czechoslovakia is faced with the choice to start the war with Germany and has Britain and France against it,… or capitulate to the aggressor. What would be the attitude of the U.S.S.R. towards these two possibilities, “that is, a continuation of the struggle or the capitulation”? Before the Soviet government could discuss the issue, another telegram told them that no answer was needed: “The Czechoslovakian government has already decided to accept all the conditions.” It is hard to believe that the investigation was conducted seriously. Benea remained true to his determination that Czechoslovakia could not fight alone or with Soviet Russia as a single ally. Years later, in 1944, he claimed that the Polish threat to Ticino had given him the last push for surrender; if so, it was just a boost in the direction in which he had decided to go. He still believed – rightly, it turned out – that Hitler was going to spread himself; but the trial lasted longer than he had hoped. Meanwhile, the Czechs were spared the horrors of war, not only in 1938, but during World War II. After that, looking at Prague from the presidential palace, the heirs could say, “Isn`t that beautiful? The only city in Central Europe is not destroyed. And everything I do. The British and French relied on Hitler to maintain his word and their ability to react when he did not. But in hindsight, neither was well placed to respond to the German aggression. The appeasement made sense with the caveat that if there was evidence that it did not work, there would be more exchange of deterrent attitudes. It also follows that Britain should upgrade and maintain its will, which it has not done. The conclusion of this research is that this gap is dangerously similar to today`s Iranian agreement. U.S. politicians such as President Obama and presumed Democratic candidate Hilary Clinton are proposing to respond quickly with sanctions if Iran violates conditions. The President said: “If Iran violates the agreement over the next decade, all sanctions can be reinstated.” (Obama 2015) I think Iran is counting on the fact that this is not the case or that it is ineffective or very